The historic town of Guimarães is associated with the emergence of the Portuguese national identity in the twelfth century. An example exceptionally well maintained the evolution of a medieval town to a modern city with rich typology edificativa to show the development of Portuguese architecture between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries with the continued use of traditional techniques and building materials.
Guimarães, origin of nationality, is a city with a glorious past history, presenting high degree of authenticity in urban and built tissues. Much of the built structure dating back to the seventeenth century and is built with traditional construction techniques. These buildings, which meet the densely urban area, constitute a cultural heritage inherent in the heritage safeguard. The authenticity and integrity of building systems is an exceptional natural value. The Largo da Oliveira is surrounded by a set of book value of buildings, namely: Our Church Lady of Oliveira, the “porches houses” of the seventeenth century, the residential buildings built with traditional construction systems and also contains a gothic porch with the Salado Standard designated. The Plaza de Santiago, surrounded by residential set of greatest artistic and environmental quality of the 17th and 18th centuries, is marked by the old building presence Town Hall, whose ground floor consists of a supported porch in Gothic arches, element singular relationship between the Plaza de Santiago and Largo da Oliveira. The Rua de Santa Maria, one of the most ancient streets of medieval feature, connecting the main axis of the core of the castle, located in the high elevation and the core of the monastery, in the lower part of the village. The New Street or Egas Moniz Street, which features a built in very different eras, from architectural elements medieval to the architecture of centuries 17-19, with emphasis House New Street medieval root, suffering modification works in the seventeenth century, It is one of the most characteristic examples typological designated bounce houses.