Namaz – Salat and Dua – Muslim Woman In Mosque 2
The Arabic word for prayer is salât, salat in Arabic, facing the Kaaba in Mecca, The prayer, particularly the five daily obligatory prayers, is one of the pillars of Islam. The command to ritual prayer is in the Qur’an in several chapters. The prophet Muhammed showed each Muslim the true method of offering prayers thus the same method is observed up to the present time. There is the “call for prayer” (adhan), where the muezzin calls for all the followers to stand together for the prayer. The prayer consists of standing, by mentioning ‘Allahu Akbar’ (Allah (God) is Great) followed by recitation of the first chapter of the Qur’an. (Al-Fatiha) Afterwards the person prostrates and praises God, then prostrates them-self and again praises God. The prayer ends with the following words: “Peace be with you and God’s mercy”. During the prayer, a Muslim cannot talk or do anything else besides pray. Certain Shi’a sects combine the five prayers into three prayers a day, providing several Hadith as supporting evidence.
Once the prayer (Salât) is complete, one can offer personal prayers or supplications to God for their needs. These are known as dua. There are many standard invocations in Arabic to be recited at various times, and for various occasions. e.g. for one’s parents, after Salât, before eating. Muslims may also say dua in their own words and languages for any issue they wish to communicate with God in the hope that God will answer their prayers.
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